There can be many reasons for the appearance of varicose veins. There are categories of people who are in a special risk group. This should include those who spend a lot of time on their feet or, conversely, lead a sedentary lifestyle. Also, varicose veins are a hereditary ailment, therefore, if the father or mother had a similar pathology, it can be easily transmitted to children.
In a neglected state, varicose veins look very ugly. The veins are swollen, the eggs turn blue and with many vascular nodes. But the appearance is not the worst, because varicose veins are the cause of the development of many complications associated with blood circulation. All of this suggests that the problem must be solved. It is advisable to do this at an early stage of the development of the disease, but for this you need to know what the initial stage of the manifestation of varicose veins looks like.
The first signs of varicose veins.
At an early stage, varicose veins are very difficult to diagnose, which is why most of the time patients (since it is women who are most susceptible to this disease) turn to specialists at a rather late date. Sometimes you need to spend a lot of time getting your legs back to normal. Often times, it is not complete without surgical intervention.
To prevent such development of events, it is necessary to consult a doctor when the first signs of varicose veins appear. Better yet, perform regular prophylaxis, lead a healthy, moderately active lifestyle, and give up bad habits.
A woman may suspect varicose veins based on certain signs, at the initial stage there will be periodic swelling of both limbs, severe fatigue even with a light load on the legs and a kind of buzzing. All this suggests that a woman needs to at least think about the prevention of varicose veins, and better yet, consult a doctor.
Most often, the first signs of varicose veins appear at a time when a woman's weight begins to change. This can be due to a hormonal imbalance or pregnancy. As a result, the load on the legs will be too strong and the glasses may not be able to resist.
Initially, everything is accompanied by a feeling of severe fatigue in the legs. This is especially pronounced when walking for a long time or wearing uncomfortable shoes. If the work is associated with a long time on your feet, then at night the sensations will be unpleasant. But those who spend a lot of time sitting can also show signs of varicose veins. It can develop due to circulatory disorders and incorrect posture. Women who like to sit cross-legged are at particular risk.
Sometimes the initial signs of varicose veins are similar to other diseases, so even specialists cannot always determine the real cause of the problem. The symptoms of varicose veins can be similar to those of flatfoot and lumbar osteochondrosis. To understand that we are really talking about varicose veins, it is necessary to undergo many diagnostic procedures aimed at studying the state of the vessels.
When the first signs of varicose veins appear, women are not always in a hurry to see a doctor. Many try to solve the problem on their own, but this approach does not always work.
If you find swollen veins at the end of each workday, in addition to swelling and discomfort, you should consult a doctor and undergo an examination.
People of the fair sex should be especially careful if they are at risk. This applies to pregnant women, those who are obese and have excess weight problems. In addition, those who spend a lot of time on their feet, wear uncomfortable shoes, stockings or socks with hard elastic bands, and also have congenital pathologies of the connective tissue structure, run the risk of contracting varicose veins.
All this can lead to a violation of the outflow and flow of blood to the extremities. The result is varicose veins. People at risk should immediately consult a doctor when the first suspicious symptoms appear.
Symptoms of varicose veins in different stages.
In total, doctors divide varicose veins into 4 main stages. At the first stage, as a rule, a person is not bothered by the unpleasant symptoms of varicose veins. The pain can be mild and sometimes does not occur at all. Here you need to focus on the appearance of the vascular network and periodic swelling.
The second stage is characterized by a constant feeling of heaviness in the legs. The limbs at the end of the day will just burst, swell, and sometimes even cramp.
The third stage is already more expressed in cosmetic terms. Leg swelling will be almost constant, the skin will begin to thicken, and unsightly age spots may appear. Even a little time on your feet will make the pain very severe.
The fourth stage is the most serious. In this case, drug treatment will no longer help and an operation will be necessary. Ulcers will appear on the legs, or rather in those places where the veins have swollen with particular force. Also, there is a violation of tissue trophism.
It is worth remembering that you need to start acting as soon as possible. When the first signs of varicose veins are found, you should consult a doctor and undergo the proper diagnostics. The most widely used phlebography and ultrasound exam. The specialist will then be able to prescribe the appropriate treatment.