Varicose veins in the legs: symptoms and treatment for men and women

The topic of the articles — varicose veins in the feet. Tell you about the symptoms and the causes of the occurrence of the disease, ways of treatment.

What is varicose veins

Varicose veins — a disease that occurs as a result of the distension of the veins peripheral under the skin. In most cases, the disease manifests itself on the surface of the muscles of the legs, to the east of vienna, to acquire a shade of blue, are winding and full of potholes.

Also occurs the formation of knots and the destruction of the device, so that the reflux of the blood in the veins is altered. At the closing of the gate valves valves the problems begin. The blood is not able to rise upwards, as is usually the case, and vienna because of its stagnation under the pressure.

High pressure of the blood stretches the walls of the veins, which are different in thickness. The vessels extend, and its edges are pressed to the dermis and become visible. For this reason, there arise the typical spider veins. If the glass visible through the layer of the dermis, this speaks of its weakness. The thicker the vienna, the most visible of its blue color. They form nodules that look very good on the feet.

Varicose veins in the feet

Of varicose veins suffers in every 4 people on the planet. The main factor in the development of the pathology is the lack of development of the connective tissue. To generate the development of varicose veins are needed predisposing conditions.

According to the statistics, this pathology suffer the 20% of the world's population and 50% of patients with tumors of initial disease do not know their disease. Often varicose veins are suffering from a representative of the weaker sex.

Dangerous varicose veins

The main risk of varicose veins lies in the occurrence of complications of the disease such as:

  1. Phlebitis — is characterized by the formation of inflammatory processes in the interior of the vessels. The skin acquires a reddish hue, and any contact with the cause of pain. If at the same time will be inflamed several of the veins, the well-being of the person worsens dramatically. When at the end of treatment principles of this disease grows in the thrombophlebitis.
  2. In consequence, the thrombophlebitis is produce cells of the blood of the seal, in other words — blood clots. To determine the exact diagnosis carried ultrasound, angio-analysis, advocacy, reovasography. Externally you can see a strong redness and seal in the inflamed area of vienna. The disease is sometimes accompanied by a small increase of the temperature of the body. If blood clots occur in the deep veins, it is for the sick begins in mortal danger. To prevent the death of urgency to need surgery.
  3. Thrombosis — complication of varicose veins, which is extremely difficult to detect due to the location of the blood clot, since that form in the deep veins without inflammatory processes. After some time, we can observe the formation of a blood clot of the external symptoms, for example, the strong increase of the swelling of the affected veins. In the area of the skin where it developed a blood clot, the dermis becomes red with the blue glow.
  4. Ulcers trophic — the disease occurs due to a failure of the processes of the circulation of the blood, which leads to disruption of tissues in the body. A small injury can cause the spread of pests in the area of the shin. Often the complications are accompanied by the education of the dermatitis, infectious diseases of the processes.

To prevent the appearance of severe complications, patients with venous insufficiency should be taken very seriously your health, visit flebologa.

The symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The first symptoms of varicose veins may be lightly pronounced, namely:

  • thin vascular mesh acquires the slate crimson hue;
  • fatigue, itching, pain and burning sensation in legs at the time of the evening;
  • the numbness and convulsive contraction of the muscles in the night.

As the development of changes in vessels of the veins of the symptoms are aggravated because of this:

  • the dermis in the field of varicose veins becomes thicker, she falls and is covered with blue spots;
  • the sensation of pain in the calf are more intense and acquire an ordinary nature;
  • arise as nodes, when you touch the pain appears.

The stage of

The specialists distinguish 4 phases of the disease:

  • The first phase is the almost total lack of complaints, with the exception of a few small cosmetics of the violations.
  • The second stage is the appearance of heaviness in the legs, a small swelling, irregular night, cramps in calf muscles.
  • The third stage is the formation of spots of red, blue and then brown hue, the seal skin and the outbreak in the legs, swelling. The change of color of the skin indicates the progression of the disease, the need for initiation of therapeutic activities.
  • The fourth stage is the occurrence of thrombophlebitis and venous ulcers, ignoring the treatment. Ulcers form in any trauma, resolve its nearly impossible.

Varicose veins in women's feet

According to statistics, the disease is diagnosed the weaker sex 4 times more often than men. When this varicose veins can manifest itself as young and adult women.

One of the main factors that symptoms of the disease of the woman is the set of excess weight during menopause. This is due to the influence of hormones (progesterone, estrogen), which reduce the tone of the veins.

The influence of genetics in the development of the disease up to the end have not been studied, but the 25% of the respondents were relatives who suffer from this disease.

During pregnancy

Varicose veins during pregnancy due to the influence of various factors on the female body:

Varicose veins
  • the increase in the volume of circulating blood;
  • increase in the volume of the uterus, compression of retroperitoneal vienna;
  • the hormonal change, the increased levels of progesterone;
  • the increase in intra-abdominal pressure in the process of vaginal delivery.

The disease during pregnancy it develops in the first few months. When the symptoms begin to manifest in the mid-second quarter.

Varicose veins of the men in the legs

The main factors of the appearance of varicose veins in the legs in men are:

  • the consumption of tobacco;
  • expansion of the physical activity.
  • the abuse of spirituous beverages;
  • constipatio;
  • the imbalance of nutrition;
  • physical inactivity;
  • weight lifting.

The work of man is often associated with the exercise. Regulate the voltage you can cause stenosis of the saphenous vein.

Another factor for the development of the disease is the consumption of valuable fatty foods, as well as the lack in the body of nicotinic acid and omega-3 fatty acids.

The therapy of the disease is done in the same way as that of women.

Treatment of varicose veins in the legs

It is a good therapy of varicose vein surgery on the legs should handle certain tasks:

  • the removal of veins of the syndrome;
  • elimination of signs of the disease;
  • prevention of relapses.

The first task is solved with the help of drug therapy and surgery. Conservative treatment is directed toward eliminating the signs of the disease (medical therapy, and the compression ratio), as well as prevention (physiotherapy, elastic compression ratio).

In the initial phase of the disease apply conservative treatment:

  • pills, which refers to a doctor (blood thinners and phleboprotector);
  • local use of gels and ointments;
  • elastic the compression ratio;
  • Physical therapy and gymnastics;
  • proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.

Compression, conservative treatment is mandatory in all stages of the disease. When using compression stockings you can remove blood stasis, as well as to create good conditions for the microcirculation of the vessels. The sweaters with an optimal pressure collected, from the measurement of varicose veins:

  • Class 1 — the initial phase of the disease;
  • Class 2 — varicose veins with the syndrome of "tired legs";
  • Class 3 — the presence of complications of the disease.

Home remedies

Natural medicine offers a large amount of funds, the action that aims to reduce the signs of the disease and the elimination of pain. Below are some of the most effective means that you can cook at home.

The pack

Varicose veins of the lower extremities


  • the black bread — 1 slice;
  • camphor oil — 20 ml;
  • the fruits of horse chestnut — year 50
  1. Preparation: Grease the pan with oil, sprinkle the top dried fruit of the chestnut.
  2. Use: composition Received attach to inflamed vienna and secure the elastic bandage, leave the dressing in the night.
  3. Effect: Solution of pain after 10 treatments.

The apple cider vinegar varicose veins of the legs

Every day, in the night RUB vinegar to inflamed skin. The duration of treatment is 30 days. You can perform the procedure in the morning, but after that she should lie down for an hour.

To improve the effect of drinking apple cider vinegar diluted in water, along with honey on an empty stomach, 30 minutes before food intake. The duration of treatment is 1 month.

The apple cider vinegar diluted in water, can be applied in the form of lotions in inflammation of the veins. To do this, dissolve in a glass of water 2 tablespoons of vinegar, moistened with this composition of a clean cloth and apply to the affected vienna. Then the procedure for two hours before bedtime.

Tools of varicose veins in the legs

Medical therapy must be carried out in change 2 times a year 2 to 3 months. For the treatment apply phleboprotector, in place of the symptoms of the disease, increase the tone of veins, prevent the onset of the inflammatory process in the walls of the blood vessels and improve the microcirculation of the vessels.

In phlebology practice successfully applied to the prepared base of the flavonoids (substances that are present in organisms). For a quick and efficient solution of the symptoms of the disease apply ointments and gels for local destination.

The medical therapy is not able to eliminate the disease, but slows down the progression of the disease.

The prevention of the

To prevent the formation of varicose veins, use the following recommendations:

  • use special venotonics;
  • don't throw off the leg at the time of seating;
  • daily the gut of harmful substances, do not allow the education constipatio;
  • take breaks when standing work, let the feet rest;
  • follow the diet, do not allow the set of excess weight, minimize the consumption of salt;
  • if necessary, wear compression stockings;
  • limit your consumption of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products;
  • it is possible to spend more time outdoors;
  • do the self-massage of the feet with the use of herbs and essential oils;
  • attend regularly to your doctor.