Treatment of varicose veins (varicose veins)

Under varicose veins, or varicose veins, involve a pathological process, which leads to overfilling of the venous blood of the beads. When this tapers venous wall with the appearance of bumps and specific training of the sites or the buds of the march of vienna.

What are the general principles of treatment of varicose veins?

treatment of varicose veins

This process can affect to vienna different location – esophagus, hemorrhoids, veins of the seeds of the umbilical cord. But more often, this pathology develops in the veins of the lower extremities.

Because of this the features of the structure and functioning of the veins in this anatomical area. It is in the lower extremities, especially of the leg, experience the higher static and dynamic load.

When the reflux of the venous blood goes in upward direction, against the forces of gravity. This is achieved through the work of the chest, the pumping function of the heart, the tension of the muscles of the diaphragm, of the lower extremities, as well as the presence of specific smooth muscle of the entities – bivalve valves. These valves prevent the reverse current of the venous blood.

Veins of the lower limbs presenting superficial and deep venous network. Under the influence of different factors that cause excess weight, endocrine disorders, "stand-up" nature of the work, the pregnancy develops, the inadequacy of the valves, which leads to the saturation of the deep veins of the blood.

The excess of blood from the deep veins is reset to surface waters. As a result of the superficial veins also are filled with blood, their walls are stretched, the length increases, which receives the service of pathology of the disease with the presence of specific sites. So the varicose disease.

The treatment of the varicose disease is sent to:

  • The strengthening of the venous wall
  • To improve the state of the valves
  • Solution of local inflammatory manifestations such as eczema and dermatitis
  • The improvement of the hemorrhage venous microcirculation of the blood in the lower extremities
  • The strengthening of the muscles of the shins
  • The prevention of the complications of the varicose disease is – vein thrombosis, venous ulcer, and pulmonary embolism

Types of treatment


The use of medication in the treatment of varicose veins, occupies a leading place in the conservative therapy of the varicose veins. The main emphasis in the medication is done to the drugs of the group of the safeners, which form the basis of the vein wall.

Not less effective is the extract of the fruit horse chestnut. Among the drugs, for the treatment of varicose veins, play an important role vitamins. One of them, vit. P (routine) it also strengthens the vascular wall.

In general, the medication varicose veins should be combined, and a combination of injectable medications for use on interior and exterior. Among this last group are used ointments and gels with non-steroidal anti-drugs (nsaids). In addition to relieving inflammation, nsaids reduce the risk of blood clots, it is also important for varicose veins.

Compression therapy

In the course of the compression (collapse) of the veins, a narrowing of his light. When this accelerates the flow of venous blood, which are removed fenmenos stuck in the superficial veins.

The simplest kind of compression – wrap tape, medical elastic bandage, in charge of the grounds of the toes of the feet with the transition of the foot, leg and thigh.

For this reason it is important that the turns of the bandage were the same, and each lap covering not less than 2/3 of the previous one. In the last hour of the elastic of the bandage is gradually refuse. The case is that they have appeared more efficient, comfortable and aesthetic accessories such as made to measure their ability, socks, and even military boots.


Between the procedures for the treatment of varicose veins are:

  • darsonvalization,
  • magnet,
  • electrophoresis,
  • phonophoresis,
  • Uhf,
  • the electro muscle stimulation.

In the course of these procedures, will strengthen the muscles of the leg, vascular vein wall, improves the functioning of the valves. However, these methods are contraindicated in cases in which the varicose veins accompanied by expressed pain. Can not be applied in any treatment of the skin to pathological processes, as well as and when trophic ulcers.

Physical therapy methods can be and medical (oxygen, minerals) bathrooms, as well as the stay in the beach resorts of mud.



Lfk -physical culture. Measure the physical effort accompanied by a strengthening of the musculature of the lower limbs, improve the operation of the valves, which, in turn, facilitates the venous reflux.

Among the exercises of lifting and bending of the knees, rifts with socks in the heel. Effective running, activities in the pool.

Therapeutic exercise is not displayed when thrombotic complications of varicose veins. Also not desirable ski jumping, sports activities and games, weight lifting.

Home remedies

Perhaps, among all types of treatment from traditional medicine offers more rich arsenal of tools for the treatment of varicose veins.

Basically it is the grass used in the form of teas, compresses. This is used as a horse-tail field, the greater celandine, hops, nettle.

In the popular recipes for the treatment of varicose veins of the demand and of some foods, potatoes, honey, apple cider vinegar, oil and butter, oil.

It should be noted that the home remedies for the treatment of varicose veins should only be considered as a complement to the metodologas of general use. However, to completely ignore this type of treatment should not be.

Some of the home remedies, such as horse chestnut, have given application to the manufacture of modern drugs for the treatment of varicose veins.


Another unconventional method of treatment through leeches. Contained in the saliva of leeches substance reduces the clotting of the blood, and thus prevents thrombosis in the veins. The substance also has an anti-inflammatory action.

In addition, to collect the blood leech decreases hyperemia of the veins. It should be noted that for hirudotherapy are used only for disposable medical of leeches, which do not represent a threat in terms of infectious complications.


The classical way of surgical treatment of varicose veins of the legs, which is to remove advanced land surface of the veins saphenous.

Although travmatichnost of this operation is low, it resort only in extreme cases running varicose veins, when the previous conservative methods to be ineffective.


A relatively new method for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Its essence consists in that in the esophageal varices the extension of the vein entered the special substance.

Under the action of this substance on the wall of the esophageal varices extension of vienna glued, and the lumen of their decreases.

In consequence, instead of vienna, the painless way shot. To achieve the required result a few introductions sclerosing substance.

This treatment requires the expertise and skill of the doctor that performs it. Similar to sclerotherapy, the effect is achieved through laser coagulation. In this case, the clumping of the veins occurs under the action of a laser beam.

In the treatment of the varicose disease is almost never used, only any one of the above methods. For example, therapeutic exercise must be combined with medicines and physical procedures.

And after the sclerotherapy is mandatory to use compression tool. In any case, the solutions for treatment of varicose veins and their sequence, you must define the doctor strait the person who facilitates the treatment of the venous pathology.