How to treat varicose veins on the legs in women.

Varicose veins are quite a dangerous disease that scares many girls. With this disease, the veins of the legs are often enlarged, they become visible from the outside, which greatly affects the aesthetic appearance. At the same time, the danger is not limited to appearance, because the disease can lead to serious consequences, therefore, a doctor should be contacted immediately after the first signs of varicose veins on the legs of women. When approached in the early stages, it is possible to eliminate the disease without the use of surgical intervention; as the severity worsens, the likelihood of treatment with conservative therapy decreases.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are considered a disease that occurs when there is a genetic predisposition to it, as well as external stimulation due to an inappropriate lifestyle or intense stress.The factors that affect the onset of the disease are multifaceted, therefore, 3 types of probable causes are conditionally distinguished. The first, the most common, is a genetic change that is located in the vessels, the probable causes: thin walls, insufficient or weak valves. The second factor, hereditary, in people whose parents suffered a similar ailment, the risk of it occurring is many times higher. The third reason is quite voluminous - a negative impact from the outside, but it often accompanies other listed factors.

The following external reasons can provoke the first signs of varicose veins of the legs in women:

  1. Prolonged stay in a standing or sitting position;
  2. The patient leads a measured life without physical effort;
  3. Bad habits, the most dangerous are smoking and drugs, but alcohol is not inferior in negative impact;
  4. Pathology in the function of the valves;
  5. Various diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  6. Wrong diet;
  7. The negative impact of the environment;
  8. Obesity, being overweight is one of the most dangerous factors for the development of varicose veins;
  9. Mechanical injuries to the legs;
  10. Wearing uncomfortable clothing that constricts blood vessels, such as high heels;
  11. Chronic constipation

The main signs of varicose veins in the legs can be observed in people of different ages, but most often they are women over 40 years old. Every year, new average statistical minimums are established for the appearance of varicose veins in young people. Even before age 20, symptoms can appear. At the same time, 70% of cases of varicose veins are registered in women. To avoid undesirable consequences, you should consult a phlebologist who will diagnose and prescribe treatment.

Preparations for external use

Varicose vein creams and ointments come in many different forms depending on the brand.They act on the veins in the legs and relieve swelling, relieve pain, relieve heavy leg syndrome, tone the walls of the vessels and thin the blood a little.Despite a number of positive points, it is worth noting that it is difficult to achieve a full recovery with the help of drugs, since the expansion of the walls is irreversible.

Most often, the treatment of varicose veins of the legs in women begins or is supplemented with creams:

  1. Phlebotonics: their main effect is to improve the tone of the membranes, which helps prevent more varicose veins. At the same time, it is possible to eliminate edema, burning sensation, seizures, especially at night;
  2. Anticoagulants (anticoagulant drugs): the purpose of the drugs is to increase the fluid parameters of the blood, which prevents the formation of blood clots in the dilated vein and improves the blood flow upward. Necessarily prescribed for thrombophlebitis. In addition, they reduce the force of edema in the legs and stimulate blood circulation;
  3. Anti-inflammatory. This includes non-steroidal medications that can help reduce the inflammatory response.

Treatment with ointments as the main therapy is prescribed in the early stages of the disease, then the main task is to prevent further development. In later stages, it acts as an integral part of complex therapy or accelerates rehabilitation.

Drug therapy

Drug treatment for varicose veins.

More often than other methods, drugs are used, since they act in a complex way and accompany almost all stages of the treatment of the disease.If signs of varicose veins are found on the legs, in most cases various medical methods are prescribed, only rare exceptions can lead to surgical intervention.

Most drugs have their own characteristics of use, dosage and side effects, so self-medication is not recommended, you should consult a specialist.

Before treating varicose veins on the legs in women, it is necessary to undergo examinations to determine which treatment methods will be the most acceptable and to identify the cause of the disease.Medications are conventionally divided into 3 categories: normalize blood flow, prevent the risk of complications, and eliminate symptoms.In order to qualitatively eliminate the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs in women and achieve regression of the disease, drugs must be used in a complex way. There are such groups of drugs:

  1. Blood thinners help thin the blood;
  2. Phlebotonics improve the quality of vessel walls;
  3. Angioprotectors prevent negative effects and reduce vascular permeability;
  4. Antioxidants help eliminate oxidation reactions;
  5. Corticosteroids, antispasmodics, and anti-inflammatories help eliminate pain, swelling, and inflammation;
  6. Vitamins and minerals, immunomodulators, contribute to the regeneration of the body's properties to resist the development of pathologies.

The dosage and the choice of medicine must be made by the doctor. Very often drugs are used a little from different groups to have a complex effect.

Anticoagulants are indicated for use only when there is a risk of blood clots, that is, with increased blood density. Antioxidants are mainly prescribed with the risk of complications. Vitamin complexes are shown to everyone, but they must be selected individually based on diagnostic data.

Varicose veins are called female disease, but it is mainly associated with veins, therefore, in men it also manifests itself quite often. The drugs described can be used by a strong half of society.



If it was not possible to cure varicose veins in the early stages, then a more radical method, surgical intervention, can replace conservative therapy. Today, minimally invasive methods are the most common, when only a small puncture is needed through which drugs or devices are injected. The standard surgical method is used only if there is an increased risk of a ruptured thrombus.

Operations are shown in the presence of such manifestations in girls:

  1. Complex form of the disease;
  2. Pathology in the saphenous veins;
  3. Blood circulation is impaired, the patient's life becomes difficult;
  4. The appearance of complications in the form of thrombosis or trophic ulcers;
  5. The rapid advance of the disease, which causes a risk to the health of the patient.

At the same time, a number of contraindications include:

  1. High blood pressure;
  2. Ischemia;
  3. Diseases of infectious etiology that cause high fever;
  4. Advanced age;
  5. Inflammation of erysipelas or eczema;
  6. II-III trimesters of pregnancy.

The standard surgery is called a phlebectomy.When performed, the damaged vessel is completely removed, this applies to both large and small branches.In the process, several small incisions are made, allowing only local anesthesia to be used. Crossectomy is performed in a similar way, when the vein is not removed, it is only ligated.

More modern techniques: laser, sclera, ultrasound therapy. In the process, a small puncture is made with an insulin syringe or a small incision. A special substance (sclerosing agent) or device is injected into the vessel. As a result, the vein sticks and the bloodstream dries up in the vessel. Today, a new method of sclerotherapy has been developed, which allows the use of a drug in the form of a foam.

Leech treatment

Treatment of varicose veins of the legs with leeches.

Leeches are a remedy that has long been known for its positive effect on the blood. Thanks to them, various diseases were previously treated, especially cardiovascular ones. Despite the availability of many modern techniques, hirudotherapy remains popular.

Leech saliva contains a unique substance - hirudin, which prevents the blood from clotting, thus making it more liquid. In this case, the remedy helps to dissolve blood clots. So the blood is not only diluted, but also cleansed. Doctors note that after undergoing treatment, edema is removed, feet and legs stop hurting, blood flow is normalized.

Hirudotherapy is prescribed at all stages of the disease. The standard course of treatment is 5-6 sessions. When taking the course, you need to take a break for 3-4 months. During the procedure, 1-2 leeches and 3 more leeches are placed on the most problem areas along the entire affected vein.

Healing exercises

Exercise and warm-up should be done every morning. By performing a complex of simple exercises, it is possible to significantly improve the quality of human health:

  1. Take a supine position on your back and lift your legs to a perpendicular position, you can throw them against the wall. Keep your legs in this position for 3 minutes. In this case, breathing should be slow, using the chest, not the stomach;
  2. Lying exercise bike. It is necessary to perform the movement of the legs, which resembles a bicycle, the duration of the exercise is 3-5 minutes;
  3. In a standing position, get up on your toes, you don't need to stand tall, just detach yourself 1 cm from the surface. The action is performed about 30 times;
  4. Standing should be pumped to the tip of the foot with one foot and then the other. The angle of the foot should not exceed 45 °. The duration of the procedure is 15 minutes; over time, the load should be increased.

It is recommended to take daily walks, at least half an hour. Swimming is an effective remedy, you should visit the pool once a week.

Other treatments

It is not necessary to focus only on the main component of treatment, because the effect of drugs can be significantly enhanced with the help of aids. Thanks to additional methods, it is possible to eliminate symptoms, improve the effect of drugs and reduce the risk of relapse.

The basic recommendation of the doctor is to follow a proper diet. It is possible to use home remedies. To determine the correct diet, it is recommended to consult with a dietitian to find the best foods to normalize blood circulation. There are general principles that must be adhered to:

  • Eat lots of vegetables, preferably raw;
  • Eat more berries or fruits, preferably raw, but frozen or dried fruits are suitable in winter;
  • Add nuts and legumes to food;
  • There are many seafood;
  • For cooking, give preference to flaxseed or olive oil;
  • Exclude from the diet fried, fatty, spicy, smoked, salty and sweet foods;
  • Give up alcohol, coffee and cigarettes completely.

Lifestyle plays an important role, it is important to take time for active rest, cycling, walking, exercising, dancing, swimming. To maintain the normal condition of the legs, gymnastics should be performed daily. When you are standing or sitting for a long time, it is recommended that you charge it periodically every 2 hours.

An important condition for the rehabilitation and prevention process is the use of compression underwear. It compresses the legs, because of this, the blood supply to the legs occurs through the saphenous veins, and the load is removed from the visible vessels. There are bedding of different levels of compression, the attending physician will provide information on the required form.

Traditional medicine recipes

Folk remedies to get rid of varicose veins legs.

Folk recipes are very popular today, as some plants have a powerful effect in alleviating the symptoms of the disease.

The most popular home remedies:

  • Horse chestnut, almost all its derivatives are used;
  • White acacia inflorescences;
  • Lilac flowers;
  • Swamp Creeper Leaves;
  • Grape leaves;
  • Wormwood leaves;
  • Willow bark;
  • The stems are celandine.

The plants are prepared in the form of a tincture. Add 2-4 tablespoons. l. Selected raw materials and pour 0. 5 liters of alcohol. Insist for 2 weeks in a place inaccessible to the sun. Use strained liquid for lotions, leaving them overnight.

Treatment during pregnancy

Therapy during pregnancy should be selected only by a doctor who will give preference to drugs without contraindications during this period. Usually, preventive measures are selected: diet, gymnastics and creams are also used.

For pregnant women, tinctures of wormwood, chamomile, hops, and calendula are recommended. They are placed in the form of lotions or compresses at night. At the same time, it is important to avoid hot baths, saunas and not to use alcoholic solutions indoors.